Explaining Autism To kids

Discover the incredible diversity of our world with a heartwarming explanation of autism for kids. Learn how each friend is wonderfully unique, embracing differences with kindness and understanding.

steven zauderer
Steven Zauderer
January 25, 2024
min read

Understanding Autism

Understanding autism is important for both children with autism and their caregivers. Let's explore what autism is and how we can explain it to kids in a way they can understand.

What is Autism?

Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects how a person's brain works. It is characterized by differences in social interaction, communication, and behavior. Individuals with autism may experience challenges in understanding and responding to the world around them.

Autism is a spectrum disorder, which means that it affects each person differently. Some individuals may have mild symptoms and need minimal support, while others may have more significant challenges and require more support and assistance in their daily lives.

two babies and woman sitting on sofa while holding baby and watching on tablet

Explaining Autism to Kids

Explaining autism to kids can be done in a simple and age-appropriate manner. It's important to use language and concepts that they can understand. Here are a few key points to consider when explaining autism to kids:

  • Everyone is unique: Explain that everyone is different and special in their own way. Some people's brains work differently, and that's okay.
  • Differences in how we think and feel: Help kids understand that individuals with autism may have differences in how they think, feel, and understand things. For example, they may have difficulty with certain social skills, making friends, or understanding jokes.
  • Strengths and challenges: Emphasize that individuals with autism have unique strengths and talents, just like everyone else. However, they may face certain challenges in areas such as communication, sensory sensitivities, or managing changes in routine.
  • Being a good friend: Encourage kids to be kind and understanding towards their peers with autism. Teach them about empathy and the importance of including and accepting everyone, regardless of their differences.

It's important to remember that each child may have different questions or concerns about autism. Be patient, answer their questions honestly, and use examples or visuals if necessary. By fostering understanding and acceptance, we can create a more inclusive and supportive environment for individuals with autism.

Characteristics of Autism

Autism is a unique neurological condition that affects individuals in various ways. Understanding the characteristics of autism can help kids comprehend and appreciate the differences in their peers. Here are three key aspects of autism: sensory sensitivities, communication differences, and social challenges.

Sensory Sensitivities

Children with autism often experience sensory sensitivities. This means that their senses, such as sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell, may be heightened or altered. For example, certain sounds that might be normal to others can be overwhelming or uncomfortable for them. Bright lights or certain textures may also be bothersome.

To help illustrate this, we can use a table to show some examples of sensory sensitivities in individuals with autism:

Sensory Sensitivity and Examples

  • Auditory Sensitivity: Loud noises, sirens, crowded places.
  • Visual Sensitivity: Bright lights, flickering screens.
  • Tactile Sensitivity: Certain clothing textures, tags, or seams.
  • Taste Sensitivity: Strong flavors, certain food textures.
  • Smell Sensitivity: Strong or unfamiliar odors, perfumes.

Understanding and being respectful of these sensory sensitivities can make a significant difference in creating a welcoming and inclusive environment for individuals with autism.

Communication Differences

Communication differences are another characteristic of autism. Some children with autism may find it challenging to express themselves verbally or understand social cues and nonverbal communication. It's important for kids to know that this doesn't mean their peers with autism don't want to communicate; they may just have a different way of doing so.

To help explain communication differences, we can use a table to show different forms of communication individuals with autism may use:

Communication Differences and Examples

  • Verbal Communication: May speak differently or have difficulty expressing thoughts and feelings.
  • Nonverbal Communication: May use gestures, pictures, or assistive devices to communicate.
  • Social Communication: May struggle with understanding social cues and maintaining conversations.

Encouraging patience, listening, and finding alternative modes of communication can foster understanding and effective communication with individuals on the autism spectrum.

Social Challenges

Individuals with autism may face social challenges that can make social interactions more difficult for them. They may struggle with understanding social norms, making friends, or interpreting social cues. It's crucial for kids to learn how to be understanding and supportive of their peers with autism.

To help kids understand the social challenges faced by individuals with autism, we can use a table to provide some examples:

Social Challenges and Examples

  • Difficulty with Social Interactions: Making eye contact, taking turns in conversations, understanding personal space.
  • Challenges in Building Friendships: Difficulty initiating or maintaining friendships, understanding social expectations.
  • Trouble Reading Social Cues: Difficulty interpreting facial expressions, body language, or tone of voice.

By fostering empathy and understanding, kids can create an inclusive and supportive environment for their peers with autism, helping them feel accepted and valued.

Understanding the characteristics of autism is an essential step in promoting acceptance and inclusion. By embracing the diversity that autism brings, children can develop respectful and compassionate relationships with their peers on the autism spectrum.

Celebrating Differences

In the journey of understanding autism, it is important to celebrate the differences that individuals with autism bring to our world. By emphasizing their strengths and promoting acceptance and inclusion, we can create a society that embraces diversity and supports individuals with autism.

Emphasizing Strengths

Autism brings about unique strengths and talents in individuals. While each person with autism is different, there are common strengths that many individuals possess. These strengths can include:


  • Exceptional attention to detail
  • Strong visual and auditory memory
  • High level of focus and concentration
  • Unique problem-solving abilities
  • Creativity and imagination

Emphasizing these strengths can help individuals with autism build confidence and find their own path to success. By recognizing and nurturing their abilities, we can empower them to thrive in their own unique way.

Promoting Acceptance and Inclusion

Promoting acceptance and inclusion is essential in creating a society that values and respects individuals with autism. It is important for kids to understand that everyone deserves to be treated with kindness and respect, regardless of their differences.

By fostering an environment of acceptance and inclusion, we can help kids develop empathy and understanding towards their peers with autism. Here are some ways to promote acceptance and inclusion:

  • Encourage open conversations: Encourage kids to ask questions and have open discussions about autism. This helps dispel misconceptions and promotes understanding.
  • Teach empathy: Help kids develop empathy by teaching them to put themselves in someone else's shoes. Encourage them to consider how they would feel in certain situations and how they can support their peers with autism.
  • Foster inclusive activities: Provide opportunities for kids to engage in inclusive activities that promote interaction and understanding. This can include group projects, games, or social events where everyone can participate.
  • Educate about autism: Educate kids about what autism is and how it may affect individuals differently. Teach them that autism is a neurological difference and not something to be feared or judged.

By promoting acceptance and inclusion, we can create a world where individuals with autism are valued for their unique contributions. Together, we can build a society that celebrates differences and supports the inclusion of all individuals, regardless of their neurodiversity.

Supporting Kids with Autism

Supporting kids with autism is essential in helping them thrive and reach their full potential. There are several strategies that can make a positive difference in their lives. This section will explore three key areas of support: providing structure and routine, encouraging communication and expression, and seeking professional support.

Providing Structure and Routine

Children with autism often benefit from having a structured and predictable environment. Establishing a daily routine can help them feel more secure and reduce anxiety. It's important to create a schedule that includes regular activities, such as mealtimes, playtime, and bedtime. Visual aids, such as visual schedules or calendars, can be helpful in illustrating the daily routine and providing a visual reference for the child.

Additionally, maintaining consistency in rules and expectations can provide a sense of stability for children with autism. Clearly communicate rules and boundaries, and reinforce positive behavior through praise and rewards. It can be helpful to break down tasks into smaller, manageable steps and provide visual cues or checklists to assist with completing tasks.

Encouraging Communication and Expression

Communication can be a challenge for children with autism, but there are strategies that can support their communication and expression. Use clear and concise language, and provide visual cues or gestures to reinforce verbal communication. Visual supports, such as picture cards or communication boards, can assist in facilitating communication and understanding.

Encouraging social interactions and play with peers can also promote communication skills. Structured activities, such as cooperative games or group projects, can provide opportunities for social engagement. It's important to create a supportive and inclusive environment where the child feels comfortable expressing themselves and their ideas.

Seeking Professional Support

Seeking professional support is crucial in providing comprehensive care for children with autism. A team of professionals, including doctors, therapists, and educators, can offer specialized guidance and interventions tailored to the child's specific needs. Here are some professionals who may be involved in supporting a child with autism:

Professional and Role

  • Pediatrician: Provides medical guidance and oversees overall health.
  • Speech-Language Pathologist: Helps with communication and language development.
  • Occupational Therapist: Assists with sensory integration and daily living skills.
  • Special Education Teacher: Supports academic and behavioral needs in educational settings.
  • Psychologist or Behavioral Therapist: Offers behavioral interventions and emotional support.

Collaborating with these professionals can ensure a holistic approach to supporting children with autism. They can provide valuable insights, strategies, and resources that can enhance the child's development and well-being.

By providing structure and routine, encouraging communication and expression, and seeking professional support, caregivers can create an environment that nurtures and supports children with autism. Remember, every child is unique, so it's important to tailor these strategies to meet the individual needs of each child. With patience, understanding, and appropriate support, children with autism can thrive and lead fulfilling lives.

Being a Friend to Someone with Autism

When it comes to being a friend to someone with autism, understanding, empathy, inclusion, kindness, support, and patience are key. Here are some essential aspects to consider when building relationships with individuals on the autism spectrum.

Understanding and Empathy

Understanding and empathy are vital in fostering meaningful connections with individuals with autism. It's important to educate yourself about autism and its characteristics. Recognize that everyone is unique and experiences the world differently. By putting yourself in their shoes and trying to understand their perspective, you can develop a deeper sense of empathy.

Practicing Inclusion and Kindness

Inclusion and kindness are fundamental in creating an inclusive environment for individuals with autism. Treat them with respect and dignity, just as you would with any other friend. Encourage others to do the same and discourage any form of exclusion or bullying. Embrace their differences and celebrate their strengths, fostering a sense of belonging and acceptance.

Being Supportive and Patient

Support and patience are essential when developing friendships with individuals with autism. Understand that they may face challenges with communication, social interactions, and sensory sensitivities. Be patient and give them time to express themselves or process information. Offer support by being a good listener and providing assistance when needed. A little understanding and patience can go a long way in building a strong and supportive friendship.

Remember, each person with autism is unique, and their needs and preferences may vary. It's essential to communicate openly and respectfully, asking questions when appropriate and listening attentively. By being a friend who understands, includes, supports, and shows kindness and patience, you can create a meaningful and rewarding friendship with someone on the autism spectrum.


What is autism?

Autism is a way some people experience the world. It's like having a unique set of superpowers that make each person special and extraordinary in their own way!

Why might my friend with autism act differently sometimes?

Just like everyone has their own preferences, our friends with autism might have certain ways they feel more comfortable. They could be sensitive to things like sounds, lights, or crowds, so they may do things to help them feel more at ease.

How can I be a good friend to someone with autism?

Being a great friend means embracing differences! Be patient, listen, and show kindness. Learn about their interests and enjoy spending time together. Friendship is all about understanding and accepting each other just as we are.

Can someone with autism still have fun and play like me?

Absolutely! Our friends with autism love to have fun, play games, and enjoy activities, just like anyone else. Sometimes, they might have unique ways of playing, so be open to trying new things together and creating awesome memories!

How can I help others understand my friend with autism?

Share what you've learned! Be a kind and supportive buddy by helping others understand that our friends with autism have their own way of seeing the world. Encourage acceptance and celebrate the fantastic qualities that make each person special.

Is it okay to ask questions about autism?

Absolutely! Curiosity is wonderful. If you're curious, ask questions respectfully. It's a great way to learn more about your friends and create a world where everyone feels understood and valued.


It's essential to remember that everyone is unique and special in their own way. We've learned that some friends might see, hear, and experience the world a little differently, and that's perfectly okay! Just like how we all have different favorite colors or hobbies, our friends with autism have their own unique strengths and talents.

So, the next time you meet someone with autism, be a fantastic friend! Embrace their differences, show kindness, and always be ready to learn and grow together. Just like any other friendship, understanding and patience go a long way. Remember, it's our differences that make the world a colorful and wonderful place for all of us!


steven zauderer

CEO of CrossRiverTherapy - a national ABA therapy company based in the USA.

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