Understanding autism can be a complex and challenging task, especially for those who are not familiar with the condition.
One of the tools that can help people better understand autism is the autism wheel. The autism wheel is a visual representation of the different aspects of autism and how they are interconnected.
At the center of the autism wheel is the core deficit of autism, which is difficulty with social communication and interaction. This can manifest in a variety of ways, including difficulty with eye contact, understanding social cues, and engaging in reciprocal conversation.
Surrounding the core deficit are other areas that are commonly affected by autism.
These include sensory processing, which can lead to hypersensitivity or hyposensitivity to certain stimuli, and repetitive behaviors and interests, which can manifest as a need for routine or a fixation on a particular topic.
Another area that is often included in the autism wheel is executive functioning, which refers to the cognitive processes that allow us to plan, organize, and carry out tasks. People with autism may struggle with executive functioning, which can make it difficult to complete tasks or adapt to changes in routine.
Finally, the autism wheel may also include factors that can impact a person's experience of autism, such as co-occurring conditions like anxiety or ADHD, or environmental factors like sensory overload or social isolation.
Overall, the autism wheel can be a helpful tool for understanding the complex and interconnected aspects of autism. By visualizing the different areas that are commonly affected by autism, we can better appreciate the challenges that people with autism face and work to create more supportive and inclusive environments.