When used for Applied Behavior Analysis, a scatterplot helps behavioral technicians find out different behavioral patterns that are of concern. It provides critical information about specifics regarding the behaviors of clients that therapists see.
It shows when certain behaviors happen and the setting in which they take place. The information that's gathered with scatterplots helps ABA centers pinpoint when clients behave appropriately or when certain activities take place during the observation of their conduct.
Scatterplots can be used in ABA clinics with therapists for the treatment of children with autism, since kids with the diagnosis are known to show behavioral problems that are small to severe, like tantrums. Special needs teachers also use them in the same way that therapists do, but so can parents.
In an ABA clinic, a scatterplot is used to help out teams of therapists so that they can identify certain circumstances regarding the routines of the patients and clients they see. In school, this would be the route for students.
The data is used to either boost or mitigate certain behaviors in people that are of interest or become problematic. These routines can occur anywhere, such as in loud areas, at school, in the morning, or later in the day.
The data from scatterplots are gathered by one or several therapists that closely work with clients. It's carefully reviewed to ensure that the data is accurate and without error. It can be collected in periods.
These instances usually last about seven to 14 days on average, at least in a school setting.
For an ABA clinic, the data stretch for as long as specific therapy sessions take place.
When scatterplot data is gathered, the collector must start with a list or a schedule of the client's activities that occur during the week, including a timetable showing when it happens.
Additionally, behaviors are to be identified, with definitions showcasing which of those are of the therapist's most concern. This is what's needed most for a team at an ABA clinic to gather additional data for further analysis.
The therapist must also find out who persons will be responsible for collecting additional information that goes onto the scatterplot.
If behaviors are noted when an activity takes place, the collector must annotate this by adding a mark on a timetable that falls under the activity on that exact date being conducted.
When no behavior is shown, that area on the scatterplot can be left blank for the reminder. However, when data isn't gathered when activities happen, an alternative code should be indicated.
The biggest advantage of scatterplots is that they show a link between a client's behavior and their progress over time. It's an effective way for nonlinear patterns to be noted as well, such as when a child's behavior suddenly becomes better when changes are made to their routine during therapy.
In short, scatterplots make patterns in behavior more observable and easier to gauge.