The age limit for most ABA centers in the state of Indiana is 21. Treatment may start anywhere between two and six years old, though this might vary depending on the ABA center. Still, some treatment centers may cater to people that are older than 21.
The reason most ABA treatment centers focus on this age group is due to those formative years being crucial to a child’s development and future behavior.
Studies show that when a child on the spectrum is treated at an early age, they're more likely to learn how to live with their disorder. Therapy can also assist in someone on the spectrum becoming high functioning, or able to go about their lives with hardly any symptoms of the disorder being presented.
In Indiana, this is no different. Most ABA centers will work with older children and adults in a setting that can help them better to socialize and become later productive members of society.
Treatment hours are typically set based on symptoms. Many older people with the disorder will have some coping mechanism in place to manage their symptoms, so therapy may focus on areas they continue to lack in.
For people older than 21 wishing to receive therapy, it's advised that they speak with an insurer that can cover the costs. If they're already employed, employer's insurance might be assistance in helping, as ABA costs can climb to expensive rates.
The age range for ABA treatment in Indiana ranges from two to 21 years old.
Still, this age isn't set in stone. One might find ABA treatment centers where children are taken after they turn five years old. During the beginning portions of ABA therapy, evaluations are done by a BCBA to determine which skills should be evaluated.
Patients are interviewed by a therapist so they may gain more knowledge about their family's characteristics and those of the child. The child may play a big part in the interview, such as being able to ask questions to the therapist.
During this time, more evaluations are made by observing how the child speaks, their ability to make eye contact, and other skill-testing exams to better understand their level of knowledge. These tests aren't limited in age range, but might be more advanced for older patients.
Goals are set during the initial treatment plan. Their intensity will be learned along with any other medical recommendations. During the treatment, BCBAs will continually assess the patients to note whether any changes are required to the number of hours that are given.
While the average time that one stays in ABA is two years, an individual's length of stay is ultimately determined by a BCBA, who repeatedly evaluates the progress that a child makes.
When progress is slow, treatment typically lasts longer. When progress is fast, treatment may go for but a short while.
Unsurprisingly, children with milder symptoms go through ABA treatment at faster rates than those with more extreme symptoms do. However, there's the chance of a child needing to repeat time at an ABA center. This may coincide with a major event that has the possibility for symptoms to return or get worse in individual cases.
The terms of one's stay could also lessen. Plans may change from week to month, according to each case. Treatment for autism is subject to change according to the needs of each person receiving it. What works for one child might not for another, just as a two-year length of stay may not produce sufficient results, yet a third year could.